Flourish With Us Independent Special School​


PHSE Policy 

PHSE Policy

Aims

At Flourish With Us, we believe that PSHE helps to give pupils the knowledge, skills and

understanding they need to lead confident, healthy, independent lives, in order to become informed, active and responsible citizens.

PSHE also flows through all other curriculum areas.

Under the new guidance issued by the DfE, by September 2020, Relationships Education at primary school will be compulsory. We believe that, to be effective, RSE should always be taught within a broader PSHE education programme. RSE enhances and is enhanced by learning related to topics

including anti-bullying; keeping safe on and off line; keeping physically and mentally healthy, learning about drugs, alcohol and tobacco; and the development of skills and attributes such as communication skills, managing peer pressure, risk management, resilience and decision making.

The aims of PSHE and RSE at Flourish With Us are to:

• Promote the spiritual, moral, cultural, mental and physical development of all pupils

• Prepare pupils for the opportunities, responsibilities and experiences of later life

• Encourage pupils to value themselves and others

• Allow pupils to acknowledge and appreciate difference and diversity

• Teach pupils how to make informed choices

• Prepare pupils to be positive and active members of a democratic society

• Teach pupils to understand what constitutes a safe and healthy lifestyle

• Provide a framework in which sensitive discussions can take place

• Promote safety in forming and maintaining relationships

• Provide pupils with a toolkit for understanding and managing their emotions

• Provide pupils with the opportunities to consider issues which may affect their own lives and/or the lives of others

• Help pupils to identify the characteristics of healthy relationships, how relationships may affect mental and physical health; and how to stay safe online

• Prepare pupils for puberty, and give them an understanding of sexual development and the importance of health and hygiene

• Help pupils develop feelings of self-respect, confidence and empathy

• Create a positive culture around issues of sexuality and relationships

• Teach pupils the correct vocabulary to describe themselves and their bodies

Statutory requirements

At Flourish With Us, we teach PSHE and RSE as set out in this policy.

The Department for Education is introducing compulsory Relationships Education for primary pupils and Relationships and Sex Education (RSE) for secondary pupils from September 2020. Also, from September 2020 it will be compulsory for all schools to teach Health Education. Through these subjects, we want to support all young people to be happy, healthy and safe – we want to equip them for adult life and to make a positive contribution to society.

At Flourish With Us we have committed to retain our current choice to continue to teach age-appropriate sex education alongside relationships education. In doing so, we have regard to guidance issued by the Secretary of State as outlined in Section 403 of the Education Act 1996.

Definition

RSE is part of lifelong learning about the emotional, social and physical aspects of growing up, relationships, sex, human sexuality and sexual health. RSE, within PSHE, aims to give children and young people essential skills for building positive, enjoyable, respectful and non-exploitive relationships and the skills to stay safe both on and off line. It enables pupils to explore their own and other’s attitudes and values and builds their self-esteem and confidence to view their own sexuality positively.

RSE is not about the promotion of sexual activity.

Delivery of PSHE and RSE

RSE is taught within the personal, social and health (PSHE) education curriculum. Some biological aspects of sex education are taught within the science curriculum.

At Flourish With Us , we follow the scheme of work set out by the PHSE Association for Years 1-6. These lessons are based around a theme which changes termly.

At Flourish With Us, we believe that pupils should be taught about the society in which they are growing up.

These subjects are designed to foster respect for others and for difference, and educate pupils about healthy relationships.

We believe that RSE should meet the needs of all pupils, whatever their developing sexuality or identity – this should include age-appropriate teaching about different types of relationships in the context of the law. Pupils should receive teaching on LGBT relationships, which is delivered at

Flourish With Us , for example, through teaching about different types of family, including those with samesex parents.

Confident Hearts Programme is also delivered across school, this is a programme designed to build resilience and well being.

Pupils with SEND

As far as is appropriate, pupils with special educational needs should follow the same PSHE education programme as all other students. Careful consideration is given concerning the level of differentiation needed, and in some cases the content or delivery will have to be adapted. Teachers and support workers work with individual pupils where required, and if appropriate.

It is not the school’s policy to withdraw pupils with special educational needs from PSHE education to catch up on other national curriculum subjects: these aspects of personal and social development are as important to all pupils as their academic achievement.

Roles and responsibilities

The directors will approve the PSHE and RSE policy, and hold all staff to account for its implementation.

The directors are responsible for ensuring that PSHE and RSE is taught consistently across the school, and for managing requests to withdraw pupils from components of RSE.

Staff are responsible for:

• Delivering PSHE and RSE in a sensitive way

• Modelling positive attitudes to RSE

• Monitoring progress

• Responding to the needs of individual pupils

• Responding appropriately to pupils whose parents wish them to be withdrawn from the [nonstatutory/non-science] components of PSHE and RSE.

• Staff do not have the right to opt out of teaching PSHE or RSE. Staff who have concerns about teaching RSE are encouraged to discuss this with the directors.

Pupils

Pupils are expected to engage fully in PSHE and, when discussing issues related to RSE, treat others with respect and sensitivity.

Parents’ right to withdraw

The school is well aware that the primary role in children’s relationships and sex education lies with parents and carers. We wish to build a positive and supportive relationship with the parents of children at our school through mutual understanding, trust and co-operation. In promoting this objective we:

• Make available online, via the school’s website, this PSHE and RSE Policy;

• Answer any questions that parents may have about the RSE/PSHE education of their child;

• Take seriously any issue that parents raise with staff about this policy or the arrangements for RSE/PSHE in the school;

• Inform parents about the best practice known with regard to RSE, so that the teaching in school supports the key messages that parents and carers give to children at home. We believe that, through this mutual exchange of knowledge and information, children will benefit from being given consistent messages about their changing body and their increasing responsibilities.

We have committed to a retain parents’ right to withdraw their child from sex education within RSE (other than sex education in the National Curriculum as part of science). There is no right to withdraw from Relationships Education at primary or secondary as we believe the contents of these subjects – such as family, friendship, safety (including online safety) – are important for all children to be taught.

If a parent wishes their child to be withdrawn from the sex education elements of RSE, they should discuss this with the directors, and make it clear which aspects of the programme they do not wish their child to participate in.

Parents should be aware that schools are legally required to provide a broad, balanced curriculum.

Sex education topics can arise incidentally and overlap with relationships education lessons and it is not possible to withdraw pupils from these relatively limited and often unplanned discussions.

Requests for withdrawal should be put in writing and addressed to the directors. A copy of withdrawal requests will be placed in the pupil’s educational record. The directors will discuss the request with parents and take appropriate action.

Alternative work will be given to pupils who are withdrawn from these lessons.

Training

Staff are trained on the delivery of PSHE and RSE as part of their induction and it is included in our continuing professional development calendar. The directors will also invite visitors from outside the school, such as school nurses or sexual health professionals, to provide support and training to staff teaching RSE.

Monitoring arrangements

The delivery of RSE is monitored by the senior leadership team through:

Lesson observations, learning walks, feedback from staff and children.

Pupils’ development in RSE is monitored by class teachers as part of our internal assessment systems.

This policy will be reviewed every year.